Forensic Neuroscience and Psychiatry
What We Do
The interest in understanding the origins of criminal behaviour goes far back in time, to the controversial theories of Franz Josef Gall and Cesare Lombroso. Since then, some improvements and discoveries were achieved, and nowadays the body of research in forensic psychiatry has grown substantially, specially thanks to the contributions of neuroscience. In fact, despite the radical view that both Gall and Lombroso had, they got the right intuition, confirmed by recent research: the predisposition to offend (or to act in a certain way) can be associated with genetic, hormonal and neurobiological factors.
For this reason neuroscience has become the tool to investigate the source of such offending behaviour, trying to understand its motives and causes.The broader scope of Forensic Neuroscience is then to investigate the brain functioning of offenders or, more generally, the neural basis and the mechanisms that lead to break norms (social or moral) and to behave differently from the majority of people.
Therefore, our research line in Forensic Neuroscience and Psychiatry aims to shed new light on the biological and genetic underpinnings of human behaviour. To reach our goal, we combine behavioural, genetic, physiological and imaging tools, investigating the roots of aggression, pro-sociality and personality disorders.
The genetic basis of pro- and anti-social behavior
Functional frontal fragility and social behavior
Machine learning techniques and malingering (Univerità di Padova)
Who We Are
What We Publish
Neural Correlates of Imaginal Aggressive Behavior assessed by Positron Emission Tomography in Healty SubjectsPietrini, P., Guazzelli, M., Basso, G., Jaffe, K., Graffman, J.Am J Psychiatry, 2000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.ajp.157.11.1772
The Role of Neuroscience in the Evaluation of Mental Insanity: on the Controversies in ItalyScarpazza, C., Pellegrini, S., Pietrini, P., Sartori, G. Neuroethics, 2017. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12152-017-9349-0
Neurobiological Correlates of Antisocial Human BehaviorZampieri. I., Pellegrini, S., Pietrini, P.Neuroscience and Law (book chapter), 2020. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38840-9_21
Dipartimento di Psicologia Generale - Prof. Giuseppe Sartori and Cristina Scarpazza - Università degli Studi di Padova, Italy
Dipartimento di Medicina Clinica e Sperimentale - Prof.ssa Silvia Pellegrini and collaborators - Università di Pisa, Italy
AXES Research Unit - Behavioral Economic group - Prof. Ennio Bilancini and collaborators - IMT Scuola Alti Studi Lucca, Italy
MoMiLab Research Unit - SPACE group - Prof. Giulio Bernardi and collaborators - IMT Scuola Alti Studi Lucca, Italy
What We Develop
Author - Talk title. Conference, Place, Date Year.